Part I of this paper demonstrated how different human choices affect the selection of all basic components of a Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) equipped with four-independent In-Wheel Motors (IWM) based on detailed human needs structured by visual performance maps to guide the customer in terms of purchase criteria: cost, weight, power, acceleration, gradeability, braking, handling, ride comfort, efficiency, and durability.
This Part II discusses ten operation criteria: cornering force margin, roll angle, sideslip angle, lateral acceleration, slip angle, yaw rate, acceleration force margin, braking force margin, pitch angle, and travel range. These visual performance maps show the effects of HEV weight on acceleration, braking, and cornering maneuvers under various road conditions (i.e., dry asphalt, wet asphalt, snowy or icy road) which are evaluated and compared based on the implementation of a nonlinear 14 DOF full-vehicle model based on ride (7 DOF), handling (3 DOF), tire (4 DOF), slip ratio, slip angle, and the tire magic formula. In addition, this paper demonstrates how different human choices affect the HEV’s expected performance. Lastly, maintenance and refreshment criteria are presented and explained.