Load calculations on wind turbines are an essential part of its development. In the preliminary design phase simplified multibody models are used for the estimation of the interface loads. The interface loads are used within an iterative development loop to design the components of the wind turbine such as gearbox, blades, tower and so on. Due to the early application of load calculations within the development process, the quality of the simulation results has a great influence on the wind turbine design.
In this contribution the simulation results of the multibody codes alaska/Wind, MSC.Adams and SIMPACK are compared with measurements obtained from a prototype of a 2.05 MW wind turbine developed by W2e Wind to Energy. Furthermore, simulation results of the special wind turbine design code Flex5, developed at the Technical University of Denmark Copenhagen, are taken into account. A statistical and dynamical evaluation of the simulation and measurement results has been done. Due to the use of the same controller procedures as used on the physical wind turbine, the wind turbine models show almost the same behaviour (electrical power, pitch angle, rotor speed) as the wind turbine in the field. Differences occur during the evaluation of the interface loads due to the different kinds of wind turbine modelling.