In certain rotor systems, bending-torsion coupled resonance occurs when the rotational speed Ω (= 2π Ωrps) is equal to the sum/difference of the bending natural frequency ωb (= 2π fb) and torsional natural frequency ωθ(= 2πfθ). This coupling effect is due to an unbalance in the rotor. In order to clarify this phenomenon, an equation was derived for the motion of the bending-torsion coupled 2 DOF system, and this coupled resonance was verified by numerical simulations.
In stability analyses of an undamped model, unstable rotational speed ranges were found to exist at about Ωrps = fb + fθ. The conditions for stability were also derived from an analysis of a damped model. In rotational simulations, bending-torsion coupled resonance vibration was found to occur at Ωrps = fb − fθ and fb + fθ.
In addition, confirmation of this resonance phenomenon was shown by an experiment. When the rotor was excited in the horizontal direction at bending natural frequency, large torsional vibration appeared. On the other hand, when the rotor was excited by torsion at torsional natural frequency, large bending vibration appeared. Therefore, bending-torsion coupled resonance was confirmed.