An experimental investigation was conducted to confirm the bending-torsion coupled vibration of a rotor system with a bladed disk.

For a rotor with relatively long blades such as in the latest low-pressure steam turbines, coupled vibration with shaft torsional vibration represents the bladed disk natural frequency of a nodal diameter (k) of zero (umbrella mode). Today this well-known behavior is reflected in the design of steam turbine rotor systems to prevent the blade vibration resonance due to torque excitation caused by the electric power grid, a standard for which is proposed by ISO 22266-1.

The bending-torsion coupled resonance of rotor systems occurs, however, under specific conditions due to rotor unbalance. When the rotor’s rotational speed (Ω) is equal to the sum/difference of the bending natural frequency (ωb) and torsional natural frequency (ωθ), namely, Ω = ωθ ± ωb, there is coupled resonance, which was experimentally observed with a rotor with a relatively simplified shape.

In this study, the test apparatus for a flexible rotor system equipped with a shrouded bladed disk driven by an electric motor was constructed to confirm the vibration characteristics, by envisioning the bending-torsion coupled resonance as applied to actual rotor systems of turbo machinery. A radial active magnetic bearing (AMB) was employed to support the rotor by controlling bearing stiffness and damping, and applying lateral directional excitation of forward and backward whirl to the rotor. A servomotor was also equipped at the end of the rotor system to excite the torsional vibration.

The resonance of a bladed disk with nodal diameter (k) of zero, which was coupled with the rotor’s torsional vibration, was observed under the above condition (Ω = ωθ − ωb) through AMB excitation of the rotor’s bending natural frequency. Conversely, the torsional excitation caused by the servomotor was confirmed as causing the coupled resonance of rotor bending vibration.

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