Creating a new recycling system generally suffers from the lack of a coordinated group of stakeholders rather than technical issues of treatment, or available recyclable deposit. Value chain concept and methods has assumed a dominant position in studying industry from management and coordination point of view. Decision support methods using value chain require the acquisition of data from various existing corporate databases or data warehouses. As an effort in developing a methodology and in result of conducting a national industrial recycling chain in France, this study proposes a general value chain design approach which provides a new direction for research and application of value chain from scratch for multi-stakeholder industrial systems. This paper introduces value chain design as a way to determine, model, and analyze and evaluate the industrial ecosystems, in order to generate future scenarios and provide evaluation criteria for decision makers.

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