Recent works study the ground resonance in helicopters under the aging effects. Indeed, the blades lead-lag stiffness may vary randomly with time and be different from each other (i.e.: anisotropic rotor). The influence of stiffness dissimilarities between blades on the stability of the ground resonance phenomenon is determined through numerical investigations on the periodical equations of motion, treated by using Floquet’s theory. Stability chart highlights the appearance of new instability zones as function of the perturbation introduced on the lead-lag stiffness of one blade. In order to validate the theoretical results, a new experimental setup is designed and developed. The ground resonance instabilities are investigated for different types of rotor configurations (i.e.: isotropic and anisotropic rotors) and the boundaries of stability are determined. A good correlation between both theoretical and experimental results is obtained and the new instability zones, found in asymmetric rotors, are verified experimentally. The temporal responses of the measured signals highlight the exponential divergence at the instability regions.

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