Recently, the development of non-pneumatic tires (NPT) such as the Michelin Tweel is receiving increased attention due to potential advantages over pneumatic tires, including characteristics of rolling resistance (RR). This study focuses on the design of a NPT based on properties of vertical stiffness and rolling energy loss. Using a finite element (FE) model, a parametric study is conducted to study the effect on vertical stiffness and RR response considering two design variables; (a) thickness of the spokes, and, (b) the shear band thickness of the NPT. Using the two geometric variables, a design of experiments (DOE) is performed to study the effect on both RR and vertical displacement. Results from the DOE are used to create response surface models (RSM) for both the objective function (minimal RR) and a constraint on vertical deflection. The analytical RSM function is optimized for minimizing the rolling loss subjected to the given constraint. In addition a design sensitivity study is performed to evaluate the influence of the design variables on the output response. Results indicate that both variables have significant effect on RR, with the shear band thickness having the greater effect.

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