This paper discusses the problem of control constraint realization applied to the design of maneuvers of complex under-actuated systems modeled as multibody problems. Applications of interest in the area of aerospace engineering are presented and discussed. The tangent realization of the control constraint is discussed from a theoretical point of view and used to determine feedforward control of realistic under-actuated systems. The effectiveness of the computed feedforward input is subsequently verified by applying it to more detailed models of the problems, in presence of disturbances and uncertainties in combination with feedback control. The proposed applications consist in the position control of a complex closed chain mechanism representative of a robotic system, the control of a simplified model of a canard and a conventional air vehicle in the vertical plane, and the angular velocity control of a wind-turbine. In the aeromechanics examples, the tangent realization of the control relies on the availability of the Jacobian matrix of an aeroelastic model. All problems are solved using a free general-purpose multibody software that writes the constrained dynamics of multi-field problems in form of Differential-Algebraic Equations (DAE). The equations are integrated using A/L-stable algorithms. The essential extension to the multibody code consisted in the addition of the capability to write arbitrary constraint equations and apply the corresponding reaction multipliers to arbitrary equations of motion. This allowed to exploit the modeling capabilities of the formulation without any undue restriction on the modeling requirements.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
Control Constraint Realization Applied to Underactuated Aerospace Systems
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Masarati, P, Morandini, M, & Fumagalli, A. "Control Constraint Realization Applied to Underactuated Aerospace Systems." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 4: 8th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control, Parts A and B. Washington, DC, USA. August 28–31, 2011. pp. 305-315. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2011-47276
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