To include interactions with human users in simulations of the use of products, the most common approach is to couple human subjects to the behavioral product model in the simulation loop using interfaces based on VR and haptics. Replacing human subjects by human models with simulation capabilities could offer a cost-saving alternative. Currently available human models have not yet been deployed this way. This paper explores the possibilities to achieve mutual closed-loop coupling between human models and artifact models for enabling fully software-based interaction simulations. We have not only investigated human control in simulations, but also solutions to include embedded control in artifacts. The paper critically reviews existing (partial) solutions to simulate or execute control behaviors, and to close the control loops we identified in human-artifact interaction simulation. We concluded that closed-loop control of interaction simulations can be achieved by selectively combining existing partial solutions. Inclusion of decision-making appears to be the biggest challenge. Promising solutions are (i) cognitive simulation and (ii) execution of conjectured interactions specified as logical instructions, typically in the form of scenarios. Based on scenarios, which we expect to be more intuitive for designers, a new approach is now being developed.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
Closing the Loops Without Human Subjects: A Survey of Control Approaches in Simulation of Human-Artifact Interaction
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
van der Vegte, W“F, & Horva´th, I. "Closing the Loops Without Human Subjects: A Survey of Control Approaches in Simulation of Human-Artifact Interaction." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 3: 30th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. August 15–18, 2010. pp. 569-579. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2010-28129
Download citation file: