Diesel engine is a major source of power of the future but the major growing concern is the emissions of nitrogen oxides and diesel particulates. This work deals with the particulate emission control of diesel engine exhaust using ceramic filter. The selection of CFT with suitable size, geometry, cell density, wall thickness and microstructure becomes most important. In order to achieve required particulate matter emission limits and lower backpressure, optimization of porosity, pore size distribution, mean pore size and pore connectivity in CFT is crucial. CFT are developed and tested on the basis of porosity, diameter and length of CFT with necessary recommended trials. Further experiments were carried out to understand the effect of porosity, diameter and length of CFT on the back pressure, rate of back pressure rise, filtration efficiency and break power of diesel engine. The investigation of the research work provides adequate relevant information about the development of ceramic type ceramic filter trap (CFT) with naturally available material and effect of CFT on particulate matter concentration and on engine performance. Use of CFT reduced smoke drastically without increasing back pressure beyond tolerable back pressure limit. Performance of developed CFT was compared with established CFT and matches with it. Cost of developed CFT is the distinct advantage which will promote cottage industries in undeveloped nations, and provide rural employment.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
Ceramic Composite Diesel Filter Trap
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Deshpande, NV, Kongre, SC, Deshpande, PN, Indani, M, & Singh, R. "Ceramic Composite Diesel Filter Trap." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 6: ASME Power Transmission and Gearing Conference; 3rd International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems; 11th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle and Tire Technologies. San Diego, California, USA. August 30–September 2, 2009. pp. 857-861. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2009-86568
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