A new rigid ring model with additional parameters was developed to model an off-road tire running on soil. In order to create this new rigid ring model, an FEA off-road truck tire was created and used to determine the in-plane and out-of-plane parameters for a tire running on soil. The soil, dense sand in this case, was modeled as an elastic-plastic solid with material properties obtained from published data. The longitudinal forces and the normal stress and shear stress distributions in the soil are compared with published data as preliminary validation. The general trends of soil flow from a rigid wheel model running on soil were used to validate the soil model. In addition, a model of a standard circular plate was used to determine the vertical pressure-sinkage curves and then these simulations were compared with available published measured data.

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