By biofunctionalizing magnetic nanoparticles with bioprobes, magnetic nanoparticles are able to specifically label bio-molecules. With the association between magnetic nanoparticles and bio-molecules, the mixed-frequency AC magnetic susceptibility generated with the physical rotation of individual magnetic nanoparticles under external AC magnetic fields is reduced. This detection technology is so-called immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) assay. In the experiment, several kinds of proteins and small-molecule chemicals were detected via IMR. The characteristic curves, i.e. the reduction versus the concentration of protein/chemical, for these proteins or chemicals can be scaled to one universal curve.

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