This paper presents an automatic procedure to optimize the loaded tooth contact pattern of face-milled hypoid gears with misalignments varying within prescribed ranges. A two-step approach is proposed to solve the problem: in the first step, the pinion tooth micro-topography is automatically modified to bring the perturbed contact patterns (as the assembly errors are varied within the tolerance limits) match a target area of the tooth, while keeping them off the edges; in the second step, a subset of the machine-tool settings is identified to obtain the required topography modifications. Both steps are formulated and solved as unconstrained nonlinear optimization problems. While the general methodology is similar to the one recently proposed by the same authors for the optimization at nominal conditions, here the robustness issues with respect to misalignment variations are considered and directly included in the optimization procedure: no a posteriori check for robustness is therefore required. Numerical tests show that nominally satisfactory and globally robust hypoid pairs can be designed by a direct process and within a unified framework, thus avoiding tiresome trial-and-error loops.

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