To perform tolerance analysis in machining, a combined approach which blends the benefits of the Model of Manufactured Part (the MMP model) and the Jacobian-Torsor model is proposed. The former is based on the CAD nominal model, where deviations are described relative to the nominal part using small displacement torsor. The later starts with the kinematic dimension chains and expresses the relative position and orientation of the various components of the chosen kinematic chain by Jacobian matrices. The Jacobian-Torsor model uses interval arithmetic for expressing the possible variation of the functional elements and for calculating the extreme bounds of the functional requirements. In the following sections, the two aforementioned models will first be outlined before the new combined approach for tolerance analysis in machining is presented. This new approach uses the advantages of the MMP model to simulate the machining operation, taking into account positioning and machining defects. Furthermore it takes advantages of the interval-based formulation which has been used in the Jacobian Torsor model. The combined approach is finally applied on an example.

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