A three-dimensional wide curve is a spatial curve with variable cross sections. This paper introduces a geometric synthesis method for spatial compliant mechanisms by using three-dimensional wide curves. In this paper, every connection in a spatial compliant mechanism is represented by a three-dimensional wide curve and the whole spatial compliant mechanism is modeled as a set of connected three-dimensional wide curves. The geometric synthesis of a spatial compliant mechanism is considered as the generation and optimal selection of control parameters of the corresponding three-dimensional parametric wide curves. The deformation and performance of spatial compliant mechanisms are evaluated by the isoparametric degenerate-continuum nonlinear finite element procedure. The problem-dependent objectives are optimized and the practical constraints are imposed during the optimization process. The optimization problem is solved by the MATLAB constrained nonlinear programming algorithm. The effectiveness of the proposed geometric procedures is verified by the demonstrated examples.

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