The evaluation of the fatigue damage performed by using the Power Spectral Density function (PSD) of stress and strain state is proving to be extremely accurate for a family of random processes characterized by the property of being stationary. The present work’s original contribution is the definition of a methodology which extracts stress and strain PSD matrices from components modelled using a modal approach (starting from a finite element modelling and analysis) within mechanical systems modelled using multibody dynamic simulation and subject to a generic random load (i.e. multiple-input, with partially correlated inputs). This capability extends the actual stress evaluation scenario (principally characterised by the use of finite element analysis approach) to the multibody dynamic simulation environment, more powerful and useful to simulate complex mechanical systems (i.e. railway, automotive, aircraft and aerospace systems). As regards the fatigue damage evaluation, a synthesis approach to evaluate an equivalent stress state expressed in terms of the PSD function of Preumont’s “equivalent von Mises stress (EVMS)”, starting from the complete stress state representation expressed in terms of PSD stress matrix and easily usable in the consolidated spectral methods, is proposed. This approach allows and has allowed the use of the above methods such as the Dirlik formula as a damage evaluation method. An additional result is the conception and implementation of a frequency domain method for the component’s most probable state of stress, allowing quickly identification of the most stressed and damageble locations. The described methodologies were developed and embedded into commercial simulation codes and verified by using as a test case a simple reference multibody model with a simple flexible component.

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