We present a Galerkin projection technique by which finite-dimensional ODE approximations for DDE’s can be obtained in a straightforward fashion. The technique requires neither the system to be near a bifurcation point, nor the delayed terms to have any specific restrictive form, nor even the delay, nonlinearities and/or forcing to be small. We show through several numerical examples that the systems of ODE’s obtained using this procedure can accurately capture the dynamics of the DDE’s under study, and that the accuracy of solutions increases with increasing numbers of shape functions used in the Galerkin projection. Examples studied here include a linear constant coefficient DDE as well as forced nonlinear DDE’s with one or more delays and possibly nonlinear delayed terms. Parameter studies, with associated bifurcation diagrams, show that the qualitative dynamics of the DDE’s can be captured satisfactorily with a modest number of shape functions in the Galerkin projection.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
Galerkin Projections for Delay Differential Equations
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Wahi, P, & Chatterjee, A. "Galerkin Projections for Delay Differential Equations." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 5: 19th Biennial Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise, Parts A, B, and C. Chicago, Illinois, USA. September 2–6, 2003. pp. 2211-2220. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2003/VIB-48570
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