Abstract

The free vibration response of a string and a Euler-Bernoulli beam supported by intermediate elastic constraints is studied and analyzed by the transfer function method. The constrained system consists of three subsystems coupled by constraints imposed at the subsystem interfaces. For both the string and beam systems, curve veering and mode localization are observed in the lower modes when the distance between the elastic constraints is varied. As the mode number increases, the modes of the system become extended indicating that the coupling springs have little effect on the system at higher modes. A wave analysis is employed to further investigate the behavior of the systems at high frequencies. Reflection and transmission coefficients are formulated to show the effects of the constraints on the coupling of the subsystems. The weakly bi-coupled beam produces an interesting phenomena where a particular mode experiences no localization while neighboring modes are localized. The frequency at which this occurs is termed the delocalization frequency. Only one delocalization frequency exists and it occurs where the reflection coefficient of the propagating wave becomes zero.

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