The number of required modes to provide accurate force information in a truncated model of a flexible structure is investigated. In the context of modal truncation of a distributed parameter system, the difference in convergence rates between displacements and forces is discussed. The residual flexibility, a term from past literature, is used to recapture some of the lost force information in a truncated model. This paper presents numerical and experimental results of a study where the residual flexibility is used in conjunction with a Kalman filter so that accurate force information may be obtained from a small set of displacement measurements with a reduced-order model. The motivation for this paper is to be able to obtain accurate information about dynamic bearing loads in a rotating machine for diagnostic and control purposes.

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