Abstract

We investigate a nonlinear Mathieu equation with diffusion and damping, using both perturbation theory and numerical integration. The perturbation results predict that for parameters which lie near the 2 : 1 resonance tongue of instability corresponding to a mode shape cos nx the resonant mode achieves a stable periodic motion, while all the other modes are predicted to decay to zero. By numerically integrating the p.d.e. as well as a 3-mode o.d.e. truncation, the predictions of perturbation theory are shown to represent an oversimplified picture of the dynamics. In particular it is shown that steady states exist which involve many modes. The dependence of steady state behavior on parameter values and initial conditions is investigated numerically.

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