Impact calculations suffer from several practical limitations which limit their application to establishing the approximate magnitude of the various phenomena involved. The transient force deformation response of a body subjected to impact can be explained accurately using stress wave propagation theory. As this approach is very complicated, a simpler quasi-static approach with non-linear force deformation Hertz relations can be employed for impact analysis. However, these relations can not explain the energy absorption and permanent deformations encountered during the impact. This necessitates independent non-linear force-deformation relations for compression and restitution phases of impact.

In the present paper, impact tests conducted on Aluminum and Steel plates have been reported. The impact response of the system was compared with the various theoretical quasi-static force models. Considering the assumptions made in the quasi-static force models, the experimental results matched very well with the theoretical results. Non-linear force-deformation model with independent relations for compression and restitution phases was found to be the best approach to analyze impact problems. The value of the index in the non-linear force-deformation relations was found to be approximately 1.71 and 1.78 for Aluminum and Steel respectively. The values of impact parameters for a given material were found to depend on impact velocity.

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