Abstract

Smart piezoelectric structures, conventional passive materials integrated with piezoelectric sensors, actuators and control electronics, have great potentials in many engineering applications. This paper is devoted to a new theoretical development of generic piezoelectric shell distributed systems. System electromechanical dynamic equations, three translational coordinates and two rotatory coordinates, and boundary conditions, electric and mechanical, for a thick piezoelectric shell continuum with symmetrical hexagonal structure (Class C6v = 6mm) are derived using Hamilton’s principle and linear piezoelectric theory. The thick shell system equations are simplified to thin piezoelectric shells using Kirchhoff-Love’s assumptions. Converse effect induced electric forces/moments and boundary conditions can be used to alter system dynamics via open or closed loop control systems. Applications of the theories to a thick plate and a spherical shell are demonstrated in case studies.

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