The U.S. Army Armament Research. Development, and Engineering Center (ARDEC) recently expressed a need for a tank-cannon-launched training projectile with reduced penetration capability. The expressed primary design goals for this projectile were to minimize the probability of personnel injury and materiel loss in the event of an accidental impact during a training exercise. In order to meet these design goals, the solid-steel flight body of a current kinetic energy (KE) training projectile, the M865IP, was replaced with a hollow aluminum configuration. Because of the incorporation of aluminum, the structural integrity of the entire projectile during launch was put in question. Thus, a thorough stress analysis of the new design was conducted to alleviate concerns about its structural integrity.
Two-dimensional, axisymmetric, quasi-static stress analyses were performed on two new KE training projectile designs. The first analysis indicated that structural failure was possible in the aft portion of the projectile due to compressive loading by the gun gases. Structural failure in this case would be circumferential yielding of the hollow flight body. The aft portion of the round was redesigned, and subsequent stress analysis showed the possibility of structural failure to be resolved. The finite-element modeling approach, the applied boundary conditions, and the results of the stress analyses conducted, based on use of the von Mises failure criterion, will be discussed in detail.