Abstract

The basemat uplift is a phenomenon that the bottom of the basemat of a building partially rises from the ground due to overturning moments and vertical motions during earthquake. The degree of the basemat uplift can be indicated using a ground contact ratio which is defined as a ratio of the contact area of the bottom of the basemat to its entire area. The problem is that, at a large earthquake, the basemat uplift becomes large, so-called low ground contact ratio state, and the basemat falls resultant to recontact between the basemat and the ground, and large acceleration response occur on the floor of the building. It is a crucial aspect in the seismic evaluation of a nuclear facility building. It affects not only structural integrity of the building but also the response of the equipment installed in the building. However, the building behavior under the low ground contact ratio state lacks sufficient study. In this study, we conducted seismic response analyses for the building using a three-dimensional finite element model and simulated shaking table experiments focused on the basemat uplift and confirmed the validity of this analysis method. Since the basemat uplift is a strong non-linear phenomenon, we conducted computer simulations under the same analysis conditions with three different analysis codes, namely E-FrontISTR, FINAS/STAR, and TDAPIII, and compared the results. We investigated the influence on the structural response caused by the difference of the adhesive force of the basemat and the bearing ground at the low ground contact ratio state. In addition, we studied the influence of numerical parameters to the structural response through sensitivity analyses. This paper reports the analysis results and the insights obtained from our investigations.

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