Magnetic bearing is widely used in helium-turbine circle of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor and many other highspeed rotating machinery because of its unique advantages in vibration and noise reduction. However, the power consumption of magnetic bearing increases its cost of use. Moreover, the design of magnetic bearing controller relies on accurate system modeling. All these restrict the industrial application of magnetic bearings.
Based on the structure of the eight-pole magnetic bearing and its corresponding traditional decentralized differential PID control strategy, this paper proposes a magnetic bearing control framework including expected bearing force realization control strategy and centralized control strategy. Under this framework, a nonlinear low bias current control method for magnetic bearing system is given. Afterwards, an active disturbance rejection controller based on low(zero) bias current is proposed to compensate the gyroscopic disturbance and modeling uncertainty of the system. The controller can keep small loss of magnetic bearing and have good stability. It has a frame of active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) and its compensation performance is analyzed.
In order to verify the effectiveness of the controller, a corresponding experimental verification is carried out on the test rig. The results show that the control strategy is effective.