The rod bundle fuel is characterized by compact structure and narrow flow passage. The fragments and corrosion products, flowing with the coolant, can cause local blockage accident, threaten the integrity of the fuel cladding. Therefore, it is necessary to use the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to visualize and measure the flow fields downstream of the blockages. The results show that partial blockages will cause flow reversal. In the backflow zone, vortices are generated downstream of the blockage, causing increase in the resistance. The length of backflow zone increases with the increase of the Reynolds number. The wake area formed downstream of the blockage presented periodic changes with the time and the period is about 0.8s. For the blockage of the interior subchannels, in the backflow zone, two rows of asymmetrically distributed vortices, and the vortices interfere with each other and cause squeeze deformation. For the blockage of the side and corner sub-channels, the formed vortices have irregular shape and nonuniformed distribution, and the flow field is more complex and changeable. This is believed to be caused by the high intensity turbulence and the influence of the wall.