A depressurization accident involving the rupture of the primary cooling pipe of the Gas Turbine High Temperature Reactor 300 cogeneration (GTHTR300C), which is a very-high-temperature reactor, is a design-based accident. When the primary pipe connected horizontally to the side of the reactor pressure vessel of GTHTR300C ruptures, molecular diffusion and local natural convection facilitate gas mixing, in addition to air ingress by counter flow. Furthermore, it is expected that a natural circulation flow around the furnace will suddenly occur. To improve the safety of GTHTR300C, an experiment was conducted using an experimental apparatus simulating the flow path configuration of GTHTR300C to investigate the mixing process of a two-component gas of helium and air. The experimental apparatus consisted of a coaxial double cylinder and a coaxial horizontal double pipe. Ball valves were connected to a horizontal inner pipe and outer pipe, and the valves were opened to simulate damage to the main pipe. As a result, it was confirmed that a stable air and helium density stratification formed in the experimental apparatus, and then a natural circulation flow was generated around the inside of the reactor.

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