With the development of artificial intelligence technology, data-driven methods have become the core of fault diagnosis models in nuclear power plants. Despite the advantages of high flexibility and practicability, data-driven methods may be sensitive to the noise in measurement data, which is inevitable in the process of data measurement in nuclear power plants, especially under fault conditions. In this paper, a fault diagnosis model based on Random Forest (RF) is established. Firstly, its diagnostic performance on noiseless data and noisy data set containing 13 operating conditions (one steady state condition and 12 fault conditions) is analyzed, which shows that the model based on RF has poor robustness under noisy data. In order to improve the robustness of the model under noisy data, a method named ‘Train with Noisy Data’ (TWND) is proposed, the results show that TWND method can effectively improve the robustness of the model based on RF under noisy data, and the degree of improvement is related to the noise levels of added noisy data. This paper can provide reference for robustness analysis and robustness improvement of nuclear power plants fault diagnosis models based on other data-driven methods.

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