Analysis of engineering approach to the operational life forecasting for constructional elements with respect to the low-cycle fatigue is carried out. Applicability limits for a hypothesis on existence of generalized cyclic-deforming diagram in case of complex low-cycle loading (deforming) are shown.
It is determined, that under condition of plane-stress state and piecewise-broken trajectories of cycle loading with stresses and deformation checking the cyclic deforming diagram is united in limits of deformations, which are not exceeded 10 values of deformation corresponding material yield point. Generalized kinematic equation of material damageability is described.
The method of damageability parameter utilization for increasing of accuracy calculation of structural elements low-cycle fatigue by using the effective coefficients of stresses and deformations taking into account the damageability parameter is given.