The experiments on upward flow of supercritical water in a vertical annuli and 3-rod tight bundle simulator made of 485-mm heated-length tubes of 5.2-mm OD and 4.5-mm ID with four helical ribs of 0.6-mm height, 1-mm width, and axial 400-mm pitch are presented.
Heat transfer and pressure drop under various operating conditions (inlet pressure and temperature, flow mass rate and heat flux) were investigated. Longitudinal wall temperature profiles made it possible to determine the place and flow thermal state of heat transfer deterioration (HTD) onset. Analysis of the obtained data (about 200 regimes) proved their good enough agreement with the correlations previously derived by the authors both for the heat flux rate (q/G)b of HTD beginning and for pressure drop in round tubes and annular channels. These correlations were updated to correct the results of their prediction.
Computational fluid dynamics and its counterpart computational heat transfer were used for modeling the above-mentioned thermohydraulic processes studied in the first part of the work by finding the most adequate flow turbulence model and optimized domain meshing. The accepted model was benchmarked by some data on heat transfer and pressure drop in tubes and annular channels cooled by SCW.