Passive cooling systems driven by natural circulation are common design features of proposals for advanced reactors. The natural circulation systems are inherently more unstable than forced circulation ones due to its nonlinear nature and low driving force. Any disturbance, e.g. flashing or boiling inception, in the driving force will affect the flow which in turn will influence the driving force leading to an oscillatory behavior. Owing to safety concerns, flashing instability particularly for advanced boiling water reactors has been broadly investigated, and many test facilities have been constructed in the past. A number of numerical analyses of experimental test cases are available. Nevertheless, there exists a need to update the method from one-dimensional system codes to high-resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In the present work flashing-induced instability behavior and flow pattern in the riser of the GENEVA facility, which is a downscale of a reactor containment passive cooling system, is investigated using the commercial CFD code ANSYS CFX. A two-fluid model is adopted for the unstable turbulent gas-liquid flow, and the HZDR baseline closure is used to model interphase mass, momentum, heat transfer as well as bubble-induced turbulence. The simulated fluid temperature, pressure and local void fraction at different heights of the riser are compared with the measured ones. The limitation and possibility of the CFD technique for such complex two-phase scenarios are discussed, and suggestions for improving the predictability of simulations are made.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
CFD Modelling of Flashing Instability in Natural Circulation Cooling Systems
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Liao, Y, Schuster, C, Hu, S, & Lucas, D. "CFD Modelling of Flashing Instability in Natural Circulation Cooling Systems." Proceedings of the 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 8: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD); Nuclear Education and Public Acceptance. London, England. July 22–26, 2018. V008T09A026. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE26-81787
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