The primary purpose of this study is to assess the release of source terms into the environment for representative spent fuel pool (SFP) severe accident scenarios in a reference pressurized water reactor (PWR). For this, two typical accident scenarios (loss-of-cooling and loss-of-pool-inventory accidents) and two different reactor operating modes (normal and refueling modes) are considered in the analysis. The secondary purpose of this study is to assess the impact of an emergency makeup water injection strategy, which is one of representative SFP severe accident mitigation (SAM) strategies being employed after the Fukushima accident, upon the release of the radiological source terms. A total of 16 cases, consisting of four base cases and three injection cases for each base case were simulated using the MELCOR1.8.6 SFP version. The, analysis results are given in terms of (a) the key thermal-hydraulic behaviors during an accident progression and (b) releases of radiological fission products (such as Cesium and Iodine) into the environment. In terms of a release of Cesium and Iodine into the environment, the present study show that the two cases subject to a loss of pool inventory (i.e., LOPI-N-03 and LOPI-R-00) lead to the worst results with the respective release fractions of 77.5% and 59.4%.

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