Complex geometries and randomly connected void spaces within packed beds have hindered efforts to characterize the underlying transport phenomena occurring within. In this communication, we present our experimental studies on a facility of randomly packed spheres that can be a representative of sections within a reactor core in a nuclear power plant. The results of high-fidelity velocity measurements can be seen using Time-Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (TR-PIV) at the pore scales and near the wall boundary in the Matched Index of Refraction (MIR) facility. The MIR approach allows for a non-invasive analysis of the flow within packed spheres at the microscopic scales with high temporal and spatial resolution. Flow characteristics obtained from the TR-PIV measurements at various Reynolds numbers are presented. The results include the first- and second-order flow statistics, such as mean velocity, root-mean-square fluctuating velocity and Reynolds stresses. Effects of the wall boundary and Reynolds numbers on flow patterns are currently being investigated. Comparisons of the mean velocities, root-mean-square fluctuating velocities, and Reynolds stress components show the increase of flow mixing and turbulent intensities within the gaps between spheres in the packed bed. Sizes of recirculation regions, however, seem to be independent of the increase of Reynolds numbers.
Time-Resolved Velocity Measurements in a Matched Refractive Index Facility of Randomly Packed Spheres
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Kappes, E, Marciniak, M, Mills, A, Muyshondt, R, King, S, Nguyen, TD, Hassan, YA, & Ugaz, V. "Time-Resolved Velocity Measurements in a Matched Refractive Index Facility of Randomly Packed Spheres." Proceedings of the 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 6B: Thermal-Hydraulics and Safety Analyses. London, England. July 22–26, 2018. V06BT08A058. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE26-82425
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