Series of experiments are conducted in a single microchannel, where subcooled water flows upward inside a transparent and vertical microchannel. The cross section of the channel is rectangle with the hydraulic diameter of 2.8mm and the aspect ratio of 20. The working fluid is 3–15K subcooled and surface heat flux on the channel is between 0–3.64 kW/m2, among which two-phase instability at low vapor quantity may occur. By using a novel transparent heating technique and a high-speed camera, visualization results are obtained. The parameters are acquired with a National Instruments Data Acquisition card. In the experiments, long-period oscillation and short-period oscillation are observed as the primary types of instability in a microchannel. Instability characteristics represented from signals correspond well with the flow pattern. Moreover, effects of several parameters are investigated. The results indicate that the oscillating period generally increases with the heat flux density and decreases with inlet subcooling, while the effects of inlet resistance are more complex.

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