In order to enhance Generation II reactors safety, Generation III+ reactors have adopted passive mechanisms for their safety systems. In particular, the AP1000® reactor uses these mechanisms to evacuate heat from the containment by means of the Passive Containment Cooling System (PCS). The PCS uses the environment atmosphere as the ultimate heat sink without the need of AC power to work properly during normal or accidental conditions. To evaluate its performance, the AP1000 PCS has been usually modeled with a Lumped Parameters (LP) approach, coupled with another LP model of the steel containment vessel to simulate the accidental sequences within the containment building. However, a 3D simulation, feasible and motivated by the current computational capabilities, may be able to produce more detailed and accurate results.
In this paper, the development and verification of an integral AP1000® 3D GOTHIC containment model, taking into account the shield building, is briefly presented. The model includes all compartments inside the metallic containment liner and the external shield building. Passive safety systems, such as the In-containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST) with the Passive Residual Heat Removal (PRHR) heat exchanger and the Automatic Depressurization System (ADS), as well as the PCS, are included in the model. The model is tested against a cold leg Double Ended Guillotine Break Large Break Loss of Coolant Accident (DEGB LBLOCA) sequence, taking as a conservative assumption that the PCS water tank is not available during the sequence. The results show a pressure and temperature increase in the containment in consonance with the current literature, but providing a greater detail of the local pressure and temperature in all compartments.