The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting the research and development (R&D) on accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS) as a dedicated system for the transmutation of long-lived radioactive nuclides. To foster the R&D of ADS, the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) in the J-PARC project has been planned to build by JAEA [1]. The TEF-P is used minor actinide (MA) fuel which has large decay heat, so during the failure of the core cooling system, the evaluation of the core temperature increase is important.

This study aims to evaluate the natural cooling characteristics of TEF-P core and to achieve a design that does not damage the core and the fuels during an accident (the failure of the core cooling system).

The experiments using mockup device was performed to validate the heat transfer characteristics in the empty rectangular lattice tube. It was obtained that the actual heat transfer coefficient of empty rectangular lattice tube was about 2.2 times larger than the theoretical free convection model. It was also confirmed that the insertion of any block into the empty rectangular lattice tube could achieve the higher heat transfer coefficient.

Using the heat transfer coefficient obtained by experiment results, thermal analysis was performed by the three-dimensional heat transfer analysis. As a result, the calculation results showed that the maximum core temperature will be 294 °C which is less than the design criterion of temperature, 327 °C. It was presented that the design condition which the core temperature will be below the design criterion during the failure of the core cooling system through this study.

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