An experimental campaign was performed on a non-uniformly heated 19-pins wire-spaced fuel pin bundle simulator, cooled by Heavy Liquid Metal and installed in the NACIE-UP (NAtural CIrculation Experiment-UPgrade) facility located at the ENEA Brasimone Research Center (Italy). The experimental tests concerned mass flow rate transition of the primary coolant from forced to natural circulation, with fuel pin bundle simulator characterized by non-uniform power distribution. The main objective of the performed experimental campaign was to perform integral system and local thermal-hydraulic analysis, in particular to investigate the flow in different flow regimes and specifically the transition from forced to natural circulation flow and, more specifically, analyze the behavior of the 19-pins wire-spaced fuel pin simulator (FPS) during such transient. Indeed, the performed test were characterized by non-uniform heating of the bundle (i.e. just some pins switched on), so the effects of this non-uniformity on the local temperatures and on the overall system behavior was evaluated. A deep investigation on the local temperature distribution was performed thanks to the accurate instrumentation provided in the bundle (67 thermocouples). For instance, in some cases, the wall temperatures relative to pins switched off remained below the relative sub-channel temperature, depending on the heating distribution. The obtained experimental data provided useful information for the characterization of the bundle and the computation of the heat transfer coefficient. Moreover, the collected system data can be helpful for STH codes validation, whereas the local fuel bundle data, especially the ones from dissymmetric tests can be useful for the qualification and benchmarking of CFD codes and coupled STH/CFD methods for HLM systems.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.