This paper proposes a data-driven fault detection approach for nuclear power plant. The approach starts from input and output (I/O) data obtained from operating data of industrial process. Due to the model is not explicitly appeared, the proposed approach is named as implicit model approach (IMA). Residual generator is obtained directly from I/O data rather than from the mechanism, based which the algorithm of IMA-based fault detection is proposed. The main advantage of IMA-based fault detection is that it can circumvent complicated model identification. The approach generates parameterized matrices of residual signal inspired by subspace relevant technology without any prior knowledge about mechanisms of the plant. Fault information has been injected to a simulating platform of a compact reactor in the simulation part, by which we verify the effectiveness of IMA-based fault detection.

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