Great interest in severe accident has been motivated since Fukushima accident, which indicates that the probability of severe accident exists even though it is extremely small. Emergency condition is important in decision making in case of severe accident in NPP. Although many studies have been conducted for severe accident, there was necessary to investigate emergency condition of severe accidents that could possibly happen and haven’t been sufficiently analyzed. Since station blackout (SBO) happened in Fukushima accident, a number of studies in severe accidents initiated by SBO have been carried out. Off-site power is assumed to be lost during large break loss of coolant accident (LBLOCA), but there is few study to find out emergency condition during LBLOCA if both of off-site and on-site power are lost. A hypothetical severe accident initiated by LBLOCA along with SBO in a China three-loop PWR was simulated in the paper using MELCOR code. Emergency condition was obtained including start of core uncover, start of zirconium-water reaction, failure of fuel cladding and failure of the lower head. Thermal-hydraulic response of the core during the accident was also analyzed in the paper.
The model for this study consists of 46 control volumes (27 in primary loop, 17 in secondary loop, 1 in containment and 1 in environment) and 52 flow paths. High pressure safety injection (HPSI) and low pressure safety injection (LPSI) are lost because of loss of on-site and off-site power, and simultaneously main feed water and auxiliary feed water of the steam generators are lost for the same reason. The accumulator can inject water into the core since it is passive and doesn’t need any power.
Results of the study will be useful in gaining an insight into detailed severe accident emergency condition that could happen in a China three-loop PWR and may provide basis for severe accident mitigation.