In view of control rod ejection accident of the traditional pressurized water reactor, the safety thought of the design phase is to validate reliability and availability of DCS I&C in the severe accidents. Now the most important and effective means is simulation calculation and analysis. It is applied for the imaginary accident of the nuclear power plant by using computer software. The new safety analysis steps based on the analysis of cause-and-effect logic failure: firstly, the composition and working principle of control rod drive mechanism is analyzed; secondly, a list of factors-the dynamics and structure, environmental reasons, the function of the control rod drive mechanism and status analysis-are all taken into account, the initial cause of failure modes with causal logic analysis is carried out; thirdly, based on cause-and-effect logic failure, the prevention and improvement measures of accidents, the new criterion of design are put forward. The advantages of cause-and-effect logic failure safety analysis: based on causal logic. 2. the system aspects is added compared with the past method that is only based on simulation calculation and analysis of the hypothetical accident, the accident the transient process of the key security parameters as the acceptance criteria. 3. The verification and audit of the lack of safety design criteria, completeness of design content, sufficiency problem are performed before the simulated calculation and analysis. 4. The coverage of safety analysis is expanded. Some good advices are provided for the design, operation and maintenance of nuclear power plant.

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