Dynamic response research of steam generator loss of coolant accident (SG LOCA) is essential for the reliability and safety consideration. According to the differences of LOCA loading phenomena, two types of LOCA loads affect the SG: rarefaction wave travels through the primary fluid in the U-tubes, and the SG shakes due to reactor coolant loop(RCL) motions transmitted by the primary loop piping, former loading phenomena evaluation is called SG rarefaction analysis while latter is called shaking analysis. This paper place particular emphasis on shaking analysis.
At present, the published literatures about LOCA mainly focus on RCL LOCA, reactor LOCA and fuel assembly LOCA, few reports concentrate on shaking dynamic response analysis of SG LOCA. Both Westinghouse and AREVA’s methods according to their research reports are to decouple the SG from the RCL: This method results in low computational efficiency as RCL LOCA and SG LOCA are evaluated separately and the decoupling error is uncertainty, meanwhile, in the vicinity of the nodes where the displacements are imposed, distorted reaction forces are usually found.
Through reasonable simplification and equivalence, a detailed nonlinear FEM model of steam generator (SG) of a China 3rd generation nuclear power plant (NPP) is established, this model is then connected with the reactor coolant loop (RCL) to carry out the SG LOCA shaking dynamic response analysis. By calculation, the maximum absolute stresses of SG heat transfer tube bundle and its variation with tube diameter and upper supports reacting forces are obtained. In order to study the effect of SG decoupling from the RCL on shaking dynamic response, a comparative study of decoupling /coupling methods is conducted. Results shows that SG decoupling has a significant impact on the calculation result, the calculation method of coupling is more closer to the real situation and worthy to recommended. Related analytical procedures and calculation results lay the foundation for future SG shaking dynamic analysis and SG design of subsequent power plants.