Nuclear heating reactor is a new type of power plant that uses nuclear energy as heat source. Low temperature nuclear heating reactor should be the forerunner and main force for developing nuclear heating plant in China. Due to the lower water temperature required by the heating system, this dedicated, non-power generating nuclear reactor works at low temperatures and pressures with inherent safety features. The design, construction and operation of the nuclear heating reactors in various countries in the world were reviewed in this paper, and China’s new demonstration nuclear heating project and NHR-200 low-temperature heating reactor which would be used was discussed in the paper. We put forward the developing route and suggestion for the development of low-temperature heating reactor in China.

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