Started with the concept and significance of Public Participation (PP), and based on the current situation of internet voluntary action of nuclear related affair in China, this paper indicated that in China, PP in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Nuclear Power Project (NPP) was inadequate and cannot play the appropriate role in decision-making of NPP. By surveying the situation of PP of nuclear power industry in the developed countries, which focused on the incepts in the legal basis in PP, the participants, the participation stages and the methods, some issues and flaws in PP of China were indicated. Meanwhile, some suggestions were proposed as a reference of PP in EIA of NPP in China and in favor of the development of nuclear power safety.

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