In this paper,we studied the characteristic of four kernel functions of Moving Particle Semi-implicit method (MPS).In order to find the dependence of pressure oscillation on kernel functions, the dam break problem was selected for as a benchmark.Results showed that proper value of a kernel function was required in the compact support region to smooth the pressure distribution. The value of the kernel function should approach zero when the particle distance was close to the edge of compact support region to avoid large replusive force.When the distance between particles was close to zero,the value of kernel function should be large enough to avoid particle clustering. At the same time,the kernel function should be simple to stabilize the simulation process and decrease the computational time.

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