Reactor coolant pump (RCP) is one of the most critical devices in third generation of pressurized water reactor nuclear power plant. EMD shield pump and KSB wet winding pump are two representative kinds of RCPs without complex shaft seal system. Due to cancellation of shaft seal system, the entire rotors (including the flywheel) are immersed in the coolant. The losses in RCPs take one third of the total power including rotation loss caused by rotor in the water, electromagnetic loss in the shielding sleeve,the heat transferred through high temperature coolant, and heat generated by bearing.Because of the losses listed above, bearing and winding are heated,and the losses make temperature rise. in order to ensure that the motor is working properly at low temperatures, the company EMD and KSB design the RCP internal cooling circulation which brings the heat out to ensure the normal operation of the RCPs.
The RCP internal cooling circulation includes inlet flow area, auxiliary impeller, thrust bearing, the lower flywheel, motor can, upper radial bearing, upper flywheel, outlet flow area, and external heat exchanger,etc. Flow characteristics in every flow path determine the flow distribution and heat transfer, and the flow distribution determines whether the cooling performance of RCP internal cooling circulation meets the requirements. In order to control operating temperature of motor and bearing, and to optimize heat transfer, adjusting the size of flow area and changing the flow characteristics arecritical. flow field and temperature field in RCP internal cooling circulation need overall analysis.
Flow distribution can be obtained theoretically through the calculation of an overall three-dimensional model.But on the one hand, the calculation time is long due to a complex three-dimensional model with a large quantity of grids, on the other hand, it is easier to casue errors in local processing and the errors are difficult to find or correct. For rapid analysis and optimization of flow and heat transfer in RCP internal cooling circulation, ensure the motor winding and bearing operate at an appropriate temperature, the local characteristics of RCP internal cooling circulation are studied, one-dimensionalanalysis method of RCP internal cooling circulation is developed. This one-dimensional analysis method can be used to predict the flow distribution of each part of RCP internal cooling circulation according to change of the channel geometry parameters, key dimensions, boundary conditions and rotor speed. The geometric parameters are optimized by analyzing the flow distribution, and the purpose of design guidance are achieved.