Hydrogen risk in the spent fuel compartment becomes a matter of concern after the Fukushima accident. However, researches are mainly focused on the hydrogen generated by spent fuels due to lack of cooling. As a severe accident management strategy, one of the containment venting paths is to vent the containment through the normal residual heat removal system (RNS) to the spent fuel compartment, which will cause hydrogen build up in it. Therefore, the hydrogen risk induced by containment venting for the spent fuel compartment is studied for advanced passive PWR in this paper. The spent fuel pool compartment model is built and analyzed with integral accident analysis code couple with the containment analysis. Hydrogen risk in the spent fuel pool compartment is evaluated combining with containment venting. Since the containment venting is mainly implemented in two different strategies, containment depressurization and control hydrogen flammability, these two strategies are analyzed in this paper to evaluated the hydrogen risk in the spent fuel compartment. Result shows that there will not be significate hydrogen built up with the hydrogen control system available in the containment. However, if the hydrogen control system is not available, venting into the spent fuel pool compartment will cause a certain level of hydrogen risk there. Besides, suggestions are made for containment venting strategy considering hydrogen risk in spent fuel pool compartment.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Study on Hydrogen Risk of Spent Fuel Compartment Induced by Containment Venting
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Li, Y, & Cao, X. "Study on Hydrogen Risk of Spent Fuel Compartment Induced by Containment Venting." Proceedings of the 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 7: Fuel Cycle, Decontamination and Decommissioning, Radiation Protection, Shielding, and Waste Management; Mitigation Strategies for Beyond Design Basis Events. Shanghai, China. July 2–6, 2017. V007T11A023. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE25-67800
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