Legacy radioactive waste streams from the Cold War still exist and newly generated waste streams from nuclear power plants and research institutes go untreated and expose environmental hazards at many nuclear sites. The nature of the waste is extremely diverse, depending upon the source or the process from which it originated. The most problematic waste streams include complex liquids such as organic (tri-butyl-phosphate TBP) solutions contaminated with Pu and U isotopes, mixed sludge types, high acid radioactive waste, H-3 tritium contaminated organic and aqueous streams, etc. Environmental and economic challenges exist for the treatment and disposal of such waste streams.
A proven technology that has been applied to LRW on a global basis provides a low-cost solution to legacy streams and small volume, highly complex LRW frequently generated from routine NPP operations, in nuclear laboratories and during decommissioning. The engineered polymer technology from Nochar, USA, is capable of solidifying standard and highly complex LLW and ILW waste streams for interim or final storage, or for incineration.