The radioactive activity of spent nuclear fuel is high, and the transportation safety is concerned by public and specialist. The periodic radiation shielding performance measurements of spent fuels package is important content to ensure transportation safety of spent fuels. The radiation shielding performance of package must meet the requirements of “Regulations for the safe transport of radioactive material” (GB11806-2004). However, some of the problems and difficulties reflected in practice need to be solved, such as the measurements results of neutron radiation level of spent fuels package outer are not always reliable. In this paper, the periodic shielding performance measurements of one type of spent fuel transportation package are presented. The monitoring results of using both the neutron multi-sphere spectrometer and portable neutron measurement instrument are compared, and the Monte Carlo simulation is done to verify the measurements results. Some factors are discussed, and an optimized scheme is recommended.

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