In the nuclear power plant, the last stage of the low pressure steam turbine is characterized by long blades. These long blades operate under severe working conditions with wet steam flow and strong mechanical stress. At the start up and shut down operating condition where the volume flow is extremely low, the last stage blades operate in ventilation conditions where there is significant reverse flow in the exhaust and the last stage. In such a condition, the reverse flow would cause significant increase in the blade temperature. In addition, the rotating reverse flow would increase the vibration of the rotor blade. Such temperature increase and enhanced vibration can cause blade damage and force the machine to be shut down. In previous work, the steam injection in the last stage has been proposed as a promising method to decrease the reverse flow at low volume flow conditions, which reduces the stall cell size in the last stage blade. This work investigates the effect of the steam injection process on the blade temperature distribution by conducting three-dimensional flow simulations. Various steam injection configurations are compared in this work and the major consideration to be noted in the design process is discussed.

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