Under high burnup conditions, thermal conductivity of fuel pellet degrades, which is referred to as thermal conductivity degradation (TCD). TCD phenomenon influences fuel average temperature and fuel storage energy under steady state condition before loss of coolant accident (LOCA) and further influences peak cladding temperature (PCT) during large break LOCA process. In this study, sensitivity study on double ended guillotine break of cold leg in CAP1000 at different burnup conditions was performed, using large break LOCA analysis code WCOBRA/TRAC and PCTs under different conditions were obtained. The modified NFI (Nuclear Fuels Institute) TCD model was adopted to model fuel conductivity after degradation in analysis and decrease of peaking factors including FQ and FΔh after 30GWD/MTU was also considered. Sensitivity analysis showed that: after considering the influence of TCD and peaking factor burndown, the PCT limiting case did not occur in low burnup range again, but occurred at burup of about 29GWD/MTU. Compared to other burnup points, the first and second peak values of PCT at that burnup point were all at the highest level. Performing of this study could prefer reference for analysis and estimation of large break LOCA of passive nuclear power plants under high burnup conditions.
Analysis on Impact of Fuel Thermal Conductivity Degradation (TCD) on Large Break Loss of Coolant Accidents of CAP1000
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Weiwei, W, & Lu, L. "Analysis on Impact of Fuel Thermal Conductivity Degradation (TCD) on Large Break Loss of Coolant Accidents of CAP1000." Proceedings of the 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 6: Thermal-Hydraulics. Shanghai, China. July 2–6, 2017. V006T08A024. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE25-66283
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